One of the major priorities of research in the Institute has been to understand the economy and the development processes of Northeast India. The Institute is expected to undertake research on problems and processes of social transformation and development of the region and to contribute to the formulation of strategies and programmes for speedier regional development. It also offers advisory and consultancy services to government and other agencies working in the region. A major mandate of the Institute is to try comprehending the issues intrinsically related to development processes of the region. The major studies in this area by the Institute till date have contributed not only towards an empirical understanding of the basic issues but also have given major theoretical inputs on the issue of underdevelopment. More than thirty major studies have been successfully completed by the Institute till now in this thrust area.